Skin Types

The most common skin types are:

Dry Skin

Characteristics:

  • Opaque and Rugged aspect
  • Skin that tends to peel or flake
  • Skin that lacks oilyness  
  • Tends to wrinkle easily

Its defining characteristic is the lack or scarcity of fat. When the sebaceous glands secrete fat in small quantities, the protective layer of grease is very thin, affecting the stratum corneum. Skin cells are not sufficiently united, forming microscopic holes together, through which the skin loses water and harmful external agents can penetrate without encountering barriers. If the skin dries quickly, premature wrinkles may form more easily.

Sensitive Skin

Characteristics:

  • This skin is delicate
  • Slightly dry
  • Easily irritated
  • Prone to allergic reactions from cosmetics, perfumes or detergents.

This type of skin tends to be soft, smooth, with a tendency to be dry and have a complexion of small pores. Sensitive skin has a limited production of fat. It is naturally very thin and has a low degree of pigmentation. The predisposition to have this skin type is inherited, but can also arise due to environmental factors. For example, if dry skin is exposed to inclement cold, wind, sun, pollution and does not receive proper care over the years, it can become sensitive. Itching, tightness and red spots are also signs of this. In some cases, excessive care can also cause skin sensitivity.

Atmospheric and climatic changes and unsuitable cosmetics can cause irritation, leaving the skin red and sometimes with visible blood vessels.

Combination Skin

Characteristics:

  • Oily and dry skin in different areas
  • Oily skin in the "T"zone of the face
  • Dry skin in the rest of the face

This type of skin has different properties in different parts of the body. It depends on the influences to which it is subjected, and the main functions of the skin of each region.

On the face, this skin has different characteristics in different areas. Generally, the center of the face has is a predominant fatty skin type, while the rest is often dry. The fat part of the center of the face extends from the chin, over the nose to the forehead, which extends above the eyebrows in  T-shape, which is why this region is also known as the T-zone.

Combination skin changes throughout time, but it can also be influenced by external factors such as the different wheather seasons. For example, in winter, combination skin tends to become very dry, as do other types of skin. However in summer, the sebaceous glands secrete more oil. A combination skin like this is perfect, becuase lateral areas that are less exposed to the effects of wind, rain, sun, cold and heat have fewer oil glands since they do not need to protect themselves so intensely. By contrast, the central area of ​​the face itself requires good protection, which is why sebaceous glands are found here in large numbers in the connective tissue; these produce sebum, that coats the skin with a protective film so your skin can face the wind and inclement weather without being damaged.

Since in this type of skin can have dry and greasy zones, it is essential to perform a specialized routine-care that takes into account both aspects of this skin type. In this sense, it is important to adequately moisturize the dry zone and reduce sebum in the greasy area.

Oily Skin

Characteristics:

  • Pimples
  • Blackheads
  • Open Pores
  • Shiny skin

The cause of fat production are the sebaceous glands in the skin, whose action is stimulated or inhibited by certain substances, such as hormones. A tiny receiver located outside of the glands of the these substances receive signals and transmit these to the inner cells. These messages regulate the production of the sebaceous glands. With oily skin, these receptors work intensively. Even the smaller hormonal stimuli are transmitted, so that the sebum production increases more than what is necessary.

Usually the sensitivity of these receptors are hereditary. Oily skin tends to become apparent before puberty, around age of nine, just when the person starts to experience hormonal changes. Fat production is especially strong during puberty, but may reduce to some extent throughout time, in parallel to lower hormone synthesis.

The oil production is observed in higher proportion in the forehead, nose, chin, chest, shoulders and back, as these areas contain the greatest concentration of sebaceous glands in the skin. For this reason, it is in these areas that pores tend to become clogged, causing pimples and  or blackheads to appear. 

This skin is characterized by overproduction of sebum and oils resulting in pimples, open pores, and blackheads. Oily skin is especially common during adolescence when hormonal changes promote this overproduction. The advantage of this is skin is that it tends to stays young longer. This type of skin requires specialized care cleansers, lotions and creams that help prevent the accumulation of impurities.

Normal Skin

Characteristics:

  • It has a moderate matte shine
  • Soft tact and uniform color
  • It is covered with soft, imperceivable hair
  • Pores are small and closed

Normal skin is very well protected in the sense that it supports soaps and is generally not affected by external factors. The suggested cosmetic treatment for this type of skin would be  daily proper cleaning in order to remove excess sebum, cellular debris and dirt.

This skin has a smooth texture, with no pimples and closed pores. People with this skin type only need to follow a basic beauty regime to maintain the skins natural balance. But without the proper skin care, the beauty of this type of skin will not last.

It is important to note that science has discovered that there are many people who may have a combination skin types all at once.

If you can not identify your skin type, it is important that you see a dermatologist who will advise you as well as indicate which products are most appropriate for your type(s) of skin.